The university’s AI professional has a "ethosis class" of do not teach algorithms.

The university’s AI professional has a "ethosis class" of do not teach algorithms.

Shanghai Jiaotong University change the science and engineering education too much emphasis on tools, and enters "Science and Technology Sickness" algorithm for future engineers, "Ethics" ■ This class does not teach programming and algorithm, but discussing like this Some problems: Can you follow the "minimum necessary" principle collected by personal information when developing products in the future? Can you resist the temptation of commercial interests of "big data"? Automatic driving If a traffic accident occurs, who is responsible for violating attention obligations? Why can’t the smart voice system can’t fake human beings, but should inform the user in the conversation? ■ Our reporter Yu Taoran September 13 is the first day of the Shanghai Jiaotong University, the "Artificial Intelligence Thinking and Ethics" course opened in Minhang Campus, nearly 100 undergraduate students listened to the Department of Computer Science and Engineering Lv One talk. "I thought that this class should teach programming and algorithms. I didn’t expect Lu Teacher’s main talk of ethical issues. I feel closer to liberal arts.

"Artificial Intelligence (AI) professional big newborn family told reporters.

On Monday night, Xiaobai wrote the post-class homework "" Information 茧 房 "in the" information 茧 房 ", and reflect on the intelligent algorithm of network media. This course is a compulsory course for artificial intelligence professionals in Jiaotong University Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering. Other professional students can choose.

There are 4 lead teachers, 3 of which are artificial intelligent scientists, and the other is a jurist.

Artificial intelligence experts from Shangshuo as a special lecturer of enterprises, will also be class in class.

Zheng Ge believed that Professor of Lu Baofeng and Jiaotong University Kaiyuan Law, said that it is necessary to open a science and technology ethics course for artificial intelligence related majors. It can enter ethical awareness for future algorithm engineers, hardware and software developers to prevent new generation information technology. Misuse or evil.

Professor issues a typical application of artificial intelligence technologies such as future elite thinking about deep learning? What is the three principles of the robot proposed by Asimov? Is Hawkin’s worries to artificial intelligence? In the first lesson of "Artificial Intelligence Thinking and Ethics", the content of Lu Mr. said soon attracted the interest of the students. It is understood that artificial intelligent undergraduate majors are the highest professionals in Jiaotong University, designed to cultivate industry elites in this field.

Opening this big must repair lesson, in order to let future elites understand the development and ethics of artificial intelligence technology, the relationship between legal relationship, and can adhere to the moral law in technology development.

"You are likely to become an IT company R & D staff. Can I follow the ‘minimum necessary’ principle of personal information collection when developing products? Can I resist the business interests of the ‘big data cooked’?" Lu teacher asked, Thoughts of classmates have triggered. According to reports, the "minimum necessary" principle refers to the personal information of mobile Internet products to collect user faces, mobile numbers, etc., there must be clear, reasonable purpose, and should be limited to minimal purposes of achieving purposes. "Big Data Kill" means that Internet companies use user data to raise prices for old users. Lowering ◆ 5 (first edition) as a brain interactive expert, Lu Bao Full also introduced his "Refractory Depression Assessment and Treatment of Emotional Brain Interfaces" in Ruijin Hospital. The use of brain deep electrical stimulation (DBS) treatment of depression patients, also involving ethical issues: First, the study ethics of clinical medicine, the second is the DBS parameter adjustment ethics. "A Parkinson patients in Australia have become great desires after accepting DBS treatment. If he is criminal, who should be legally responsible?" This problem has triggered the students’ thinking.

Strengthening the value of rational education to make the engineering college students more human care as the jurisdiction expert, Zheng Ge will tell students 8 classes, divided into three topics – rational artificial intelligence, adjuvant artificial intelligence, responsible artificial intelligence .

In the "rational manual intelligence" topic, he will discuss a question with students: How does the automatic driving system have to pay attention to? Note Obligations is an important legal concept, legal negligence refers to violation of attention. After the automatic driving reaches the L3, L4 level, if a traffic accident occurs, who is responsible for violating attention obligations? "The amendment of the amendments to the road traffic safety law in my country has introduced the responsibility of the automatic driving system development unit, but this problem is actually very complicated.

The automatic driving system is a complex system consisting of perception, positioning, decision making, and control module, each module having developers. After the accident, there is no responsibility of 5G network service providers? Is it responsible for high-precision map suppliers? The legal responsibility of these units define the problem and need further research.

"He hopes that through the explanation of this problem, let the students recognize that each module of the automatic driving system is developed in the future, so that the entire system becomes" reasonable intelligence ".

Compared with automatic driving, the application of intelligent voice service is now a broader. When the user calls the customer service phone, it is probably the voice robot.

In the "adjuvant artificial intelligence" topic, Zheng Ge will quote Pasquier’s views, analyze the "artificial intelligence and robotic system should not counter a human beings". Why can’t the smart voice system can’t fake human beings, but should inform the user in the conversation? He explained that the foundation of modern ethics is that Kant’s "people are purpose, not means", this discipline establishes people’s subjective status, increasingly powerful artificial intelligence algorithms, if fake human beings, will reform people’s subjectivity.

"Artificial intelligence should be auxiliary, artificial intelligence and machine system must show their creators, controlrs and owners, and cannot deliberately blur the boundaries of people with the machine." In Zhengo, the engineering department of domestic universities Education is too high-quality tools, and asks students to find the optimal solution of scientific and engineering objectives, ignore the value rationality of "the purpose of life" "Temperature technology".

The "Artificial Intelligence Thinking and Ethics" course has made active exploration in value rational education, which will make the science and engineering students more humanistic.

College students and middle school students should learn ethics, although they only listen to two classes, Bujiali already has the idea of ??transforming mobile Internet products.

"Many students like to brush the shake and other software, because they have been pushing their favorite content, I learned that after the ‘information 茧 房’ theory, I realize that this type of software is problematic, because they only push information according to user personal preference Will make users think to curing, narrow eye.

"Xiaob talks about his own point of view.

In the post-class operation of Teacher Lu, he put forward the improvement suggestion: software developers and algorithm engineers should follow the ethical norms, join "whether this app is allowed to collect your preference information" this permission to prompt, let users get Not based on the right to acquire information, and no longer be bound by the "information".

Lu Baofang and Zheng Ge introduced, many universities in foreign countries also set out information technology ethics such as artificial intelligence. For example, the "Engineer Ethics: Artificial Intelligence" of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, revealing the deep problems behind the project from the engineering case that triggers ethical dilemma.

Another example is the artificial intelligence and ethical dialogue project of Princeton University, jointly developed by the School Human Value Center and Information Technology Policy Center, and has a case library for teaching and research. "We don’t have a series of ethics, legal and governance issues from the front technology.

"Zheng Ge said that the relevant major in domestic colleges and universities must open the ethical courses, set up" scientific and technological wear "concept from talent training, let college students have conscious science and technology ethics, practice scientific and technological ethics in future careers, comply with law Regulations. He also recommended domestic science and technology and educators to learn from MIT, and develop artificial intelligence ethics courses for middle school students. According to reports, Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed to middle school students aimed to increase their self-employed mobile phones, social media Control and moral judgment capabilities.

"The network platform economy is also called attention, the behavior preference algorithm behind the platform makes many young people, it takes a lot of time." Zheng Ge said, "Middle School can learn from course education, let the students understand the algorithm logic of the network platform, produce pair The conscious consciousness of artificial intelligence. "(Source: Liberation Daily) (Responsible: Yan Yuan, Xuan Zhaoqiang) Sharing let more people see.